idev: (Interactive Development) User Guide
Last update: August 12, 2018
The need for interactive access to compute nodes: While large HPC systems are excellent resources for running production work, they are not configured for development. Often developers use departmental systems, or patiently submit a sequence of jobs to validate code changes. This can be particularly frustrating to new users, who want to "kick the tires", port applications and debug codes on supercomputers.
What most users need for development is interactive access to a set of compute nodes, in order to quickly compile, run and validate MPI or other applications multiple times in rapid succession. To help users with their code development, TACC has created an app that will do that, by allowing users to acquire a set of compute nodes for interactive access. The app is called
idev, for Interactive DEVelopment.
idev application creates an interactive development environment from the user's login window. In the
idev window the user is connected directly to a compute node from which the user can launch MPI-compiled executables directly (with the
idev command submits a batch job that creates a copy of the batch environment and then goes to sleep. After the job begins,
idev acquires a copy of the batch environment, SSH's to the master node, and then re-creates the batch environment. The SSH command allows X11 tunneling for setting up a display back to the user's laptop for debugging.
login4.stampede(5)$ idev options
If this is your first time launching
idev and you have multiple accounts,
idev will prompt you for the account and then save your selection as the default interactive account; otherwise, it will automatically use your only account. It will then begin to initiate your first
idev session. Enjoy.
idevto gain access to compute nodes through the batch system; that is the normal mode for acquiring resources on a supercomputer (and at TACC). Hence the user must wait for the
idevrequest to be accepted through the batch system. Fortunately, at TACC there is a "development" queue on each TACC system;
idev's default setting uses this queue, and it is often a short wait for
idevto acquire the nodes and allow interactive input.
idevreports its progress every 4 seconds. Below is an example of
idev's progress in setting up a session:
login1$ idev Defaults file : ~/.idevrc Default queue : development System : Stampede ----------------------------------------------------------------- -- Welcome to the Stampede Supercomputer ----------------------------------------------------------------- ... After your idev job begins to run, a command prompt will appear, and you can begin your interactive development session. We will report the status every 4 seconds: (qw=queue wait, r=running). job status: qw job status: qw (5 more times) job status: r --> Job is now running on masternode= c301-202...OK --> Sleeping for 7 seconds...OK --> Checking to make sure your job has initialized an env for you....OK --> Creating interactive terminal session (login) on master node c301-202.
Note the prompt, "
c301-202%", in the above session. It is your interactive compute-node prompt. You can test the "
ibrun" command by executing "
ibrun date" which will return
date's output from each core of your session. You can begin immediately launching MPI applications with "
ibrun myapp". On the compute nodes in some queues, compiler access is not available. In this case compile on the login node in another window.
By default only a single node is requested for 30 minutes. However, you can change the limits with command line options, using syntax similar to the request specifications used in a job script. The syntax is conveniently described in the
idev help display:
login1$ idev -help ... OPTION ARGUMENTS DESCRIPTION -A account_name sets account name (default: in .idevrc) -m minutes sets time in minutes (default: 30) -p queue_name sets queue to named queue (default: -p development) -r resource_name sets hardware -t hh:mm:ss sets time to hh:mm:ss (default: 00:30:00) -help [--help ] displays (this) help message -v [--version ] output version information and exit ...
Options may be used in any order. Only a subset of the options is presented above. The "
-r" option may be used on any system to request a specific resource (e.g. requesting a specific set of nodes).
On the old Stampede1 system, compiling on compute nodes is only supported on the development nodes. When using a queue other than
development, we suggest opening two login windows, and using one for compilations and the other for starting an
idev interaction session for running executions.